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Specializations and Career Opportunities in B Tech in Electronics & Communication Engineering (ECE)

As an engineer in the domain of Electronics & Communication Engineering (ECE) programme you will be part of a team that will create and maintain large and robust electronics & communications systems including smart IoT (Internet of Things) systems. These systems can be designed and developed for diverse sectors such as Automobile, Consumer electronics, Aviation, Healthcare, Green Energy, Smart Cities, etc.

The electronics and communication engineering syllabus is designed to prepare students for the challenges of this dynamic field, covering fundamental subjects crucial for success.

Some of the basic subjects that you will have to undergo as part of Electronics and Communications Engineering are:

  • Analog & Digital Communications
  • Digital Logic & Circuits
  • Coding & Information Theory
  • Microcontrollers & Embedded Systems
  • Wireless Broadband Communications
  • Digital Signal Processing

You will also be required to undertake subjects such as Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning and Deep Learning to enable you to work effectively in the overlapping fields of Electronics, Communications and Computer Science. These advanced topics are becoming increasingly important in the B Tech ECE curriculum, reflecting the evolving demands of the industry.

Current specializations as required by the industry are:

1. Wireless Communications

The Wireless Communications specialization area consist of subjects such as:

  • Cellular and Mobile Communication
  • Advanced Wireless Broadband Communication
  • Satellite Communication
  • Radar Engineering

These subjects will help students acquire necessary professional knowledge and skills to implement 5G/5G +, protocols. They will also help build the ability to design, develop and operate latest wireless Ad hoc Networks currently in wide use.

Proficiency acquired in the use of LoRa Adhoc Network system, Bluetooth Technology, Zigbee Technology will enable the future engineers to be successful in job roles/titles given below:

  • Communications Network Engineer
  • Network Architect
  • Network System Control Engineer
  • Network Planning Engineer
  • Installation & Service Engineer
  • Telecom Product Engineer
  • Communications Product Developer
  • Communications System Analyst

Prospective employers

Robotics and IoT specialization trains students to work in Industrial Automation. As per current trends, modern global industries are moving rapidly towards automation with robots being key in production process. The application of Robotics and IoT is now all pervading and can be found in sectors like Agriculture, Healthcare, Mining, Transportation, Hospitality, etc.

Students pursuing this specialization will be undertaking subjects such as:

  • Industrial Control
  • Robotics and Automation
  • Real-time Operation Systems
  • IoT and Sensor Networks,
  • Kinematics of Robots
  • Architecture, Protocols and Design principles of IoT

Incorporating Robotics and IoT into the B Tech ECE program reflects the curriculum’s responsiveness to technological advancements and market needs. People specializing in Robotics and IOT will find their place in following types of job profiles:

  • IoT Product Developer
  • Robot Design Consultant
  • Robot System Control Engineer
  • Testing and validation Engineer
  • Robotics Research and Development Engineer
  • Robotics Application Engineer
  • IoT Service and Maintenance Engineer
  • IoT Networking and Control Engineer

Prospective Employers

Railways , DRDO, ISRO, BHEL, Indian Instruments Ltd, BEML, SAIL, Coal India Ltd. L & T Technologies, SIEMENS, TEXLA, Oil Exploration Cos. Like ARAMCO, Valero Energy Corporation, Chevron Corporation, Phillips etc.

3. Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles

With fast depleting energy resources such as petroleum, coal, etc., industry is exploring alternate energy sources such as solar, wind, tidal, etc. Automobile industry in particular is moving towards Hybrid and Electric Vehicles.

Some subjects that the students will undertake are:

  • Introduction to Renewable Energy
  • Power Conditioning Drives
  • Vehicle Dynamics
  • Energy Storage

Employment job titles in Renewable Energy and Electric Vehicles area include:

  • Electric Automobile Engineer
  • Vehicle Driver Control Engineer
  • Renewable Systems Design Engineer
  • Field Testing and Installation Engineer
  • Energy Systems R & D Engineer
  • Green Energy Product Designer
  • Energy Systems Operation & Maintenance Engineer
  • Safety Manager

Prospective Employers are:

Maruti Ltd, Tata Motors, Hyundai Motors, CEL, TEXLA, Adani Renewable, Tata Power Solar System Ltd, Ampules Solar, Hindustan Power, Suzion, Shell, ReNew Power Ventures and several upcoming MSMEs and Startups.

4. VLSI & Embedded Systems

VLSI & Embedded Systems is the need of the hour specialization given that the Government of India made a budget provision of INR 76,000 crores for electronic chip manufacturing within the country – https://ism.gov.in/about-semiconindia-programme.html. Nearly all industry sectors across the globe are heading towards intelligent automation leading to an exponential growth in the electronic chip manufacturing, design and development market. Globally, the semiconductor market size is projected to grow from $573.44 billion in 2022 to $ 1,380.79 billion by 2029… Read More at:- https://www.fortunebusinessinsights.com/semiconductor-market-102365

The VLSI & Embedded Systems specialization is designed to prepare students for VLSI circuit design and testing using state-of-art simulators and also enable to learn the architecture of specialized processors including the ARM processor.

Students undertaking the VLSI & Embedded Systems specialization will undertake the following subjects:

  • Advanced Embedded Systems
  • Introduction to IoT
  • Advanced VLSI
  • Digital Image Processing
  • Computer Vision
  • Power Electronics and Instrumentation

This specialization area emphasizes the need for a comprehensive B Tech ECE curriculum that addresses both current and future industry requirements.

Typical job roles and titles are:

  • VLSI chip design and testing engineer
  • IoT design consultant
  • Embedded Systems Engineer
  • IoT Product Developer
  • VLSI R & D Engineer
  • Embedded Systems Marketing Executive
  • Embedded systems customer support engineer
Prospective Employers: ECIL, BEL, CEL, BHEL, CSIO, CEERI, ST-Microelectronic, Synopsis, Cadence Virtuoso, Mentor Graphics, Tanner, Silvio, Alliance, Glade, L& T Ltd., SIEMENS, NPL, etc.


The B Tech in Electronics & Communication Engineering program offers a broad range of specializations that cater to the ever-evolving needs of the tech industry. From Wireless Communications and Robotics to Renewable Energy and VLSI & Embedded Systems, the curriculum is designed to equip students with the skills and knowledge necessary to thrive in various sectors. The inclusion of advanced topics such as AI, ML, and IoT in the electronics and communication engineering syllabus ensures that graduates are well-prepared for the challenges of the digital age. As the industry continues to advance, ECE graduates are positioned to lead innovation and drive progress, making a significant impact in their chosen fields.

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